Adult Autism

Adult Autism: Growing Old with Autism

Adults with autism have many options open to them depending on how they function. Many high functioning autistic adults or those who have Asperger’s syndrome are able to function well when mainstreamed into society. They can hold jobs, live on their own and even have peer friendships. This does not mean it all runs smoothly and easily for them, just that they are able to do it. They will still have communication and social difficulties. They will still very much need the back up of family and their health care providers.

Even those who have their own apartments will still need some back up to help with some of the things they cannot do themselves. They may be able to hold a job, but not pay bills. They may be able to cook meals for themselves but not do a food shopping on their own. They may require help accessing those government services that they are entitled to as a disabled adult. Family members usually do this, but there are people from various government services that may take on these tasks if here are no family members who can help.

Independent Autistic Adults

There is the option for the autistic adult to continue to live at home with their parents. This will be a good alternative to someone who is able to have some independence but still is more comfortable in the structured life of living at home. Everything is familiar, the structure and routines continue uninterrupted and the parents are always there to keep things running smoothly. But, this only works until the parents become old or ill themselves. If this is the option chosen some alternatives must be set-up for the eventually of the death of the parents.

The Group Homes for Independence

Adult AutismWhat of those adults with autism who are not as high functioning but still strive to have some independence? What can they do? If living independently is not possible there are group homes. These homes will provide basic care while continuing to teach the autistic adult some independence. They will teach meal preparation, how to do the laundry, how to keep their rooms tidy and take care of their own personal hygiene issues. The autistic adult can have a separate living space, his or her own bedroom, but share the rest of a house. They may even find work in a sheltered workshop.

Sometimes there are no even semi-independent alternatives based on an adult who is low functioning, with parents who are aging and unable to continue caring for them. Their abilities do not allow placement in a group home and so the only option left is an institution. This is usually the alternative of last resort.


Different Types of Autism

Autism is a biological developmental disorder of the brain. Due to the nature of occurrence and manifestation, autism is a very complex disorder. The main characteristics of autism are weak or no social behavior and communication, limited and recurring patterns of behavior.

Genetics of the disorder is complex and it’s not yet known which genes are generally culprits. Sometimes, autism is associated like factor defects from day when the child born. Because of that, autism is a group of more serious developmental disorders occurring in early childhood. Symptoms of autism can be different, but all forms of this disease affect the child’s ability to communicate and socially interact with others.

AutismThere are many types of autism, each with its own special diagnostic symptoms. The most common forms of autism are:

1. Autistic Disorder-or classic autism

It is manifested as a qualitatively damaging social behavior and communication with limited, repetitive and stereotypical patterns of behavior, interests and activities. Appears before 3 years of age.

2. Asperger Syndrome

Speech development is not late, intellectual and adaptive functioning is not significantly damaged. It’s often associated with a clumsy clarity. A psychotic episode may appear at an early age.

3. Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified ( PDD – NOS, also called Pervasive “atypical autism”)

Very difficult damage to only one development area or mild damage to several developmental areas, but no all diagnostic criteria for the aforementioned disturbances.

The appearance Developmental Disorder are Childhood disintegrative disorder and Rett Syndrome, because both are extremely rare genetic diseases.

Childhood disintegrative disorder

The normal course of development for at least the first 2 years of life and significant loss of skills acquired before 10 years of age at least 2 areas of development: language comprehension and expression, social skills or adaptive behavior, sphincter control, game, motor skills.

Rett Syndrome

AutismAlmost exclusively affects girls.There are obvious problems with the coordination of walking and movement of the hull.Severely impaired development of language comprehension and expression.
Is absent from social interaction.
The result is almost always a tough mental retardation.

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